Volume 1. General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System
Volume 2. Internal Organs
Volume 3. Head, Neck and Neuroanatomy
The creator of the atlas, prof. Robert Johannes Sobotta (1869–1945) was born in Bonn, Germany, and was professor and director of the Institute of Anatomy at the University of Bonn. The first edition of his work was published in three volumes in 1904-1907 in Würzburg by JK Lehmans Verlag. Since then, in 113 years, various editors have introduced some additions and improvements to the atlas, but the heritage and thought of prof. Sobotty continues.
The atlas has been translated into 18 languages and is probably the most translated anatomical atlas in the world. The last, 24th edition was published in German in 2017 and was translated into Polish in 2019. The atlas consists of three parts:
Volume 1: General anatomical concepts and musculoskeletal system
Volume 2: Internal Organs
Volume 3: Head, Neck and Neuroanatomy
In each volume, apart from discussing the most important issues, there are descriptions of several selected clinical cases showing the described anatomical structures in a broader context. At the end of each chapter, there are short test questions to engage readers and consolidate the acquired knowledge. Each illustration is described accurately and comprehensively, the quality of the drawings is extremely precise. Numerous tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance images were added as color figures.
The publication was issued as a catalogue of the temporary exhibition “Medicine in Art”, organized by the MOCAK Museum of Contemporary Art in Krakow in 2016. The richly illustrated book presents photographs of the exhibits on display: paintings, installations, photos, sculptures and animations by artists such as Marina Abramovic, Alina Szapocznikow, Wilhelm Sasnal, Tadeusz Kantor and Jürgen Klauke. The images of the objects are accompanied by short descriptions and biographies of the authors. The publication also includes six texts with content related to the title of the exhibition, including: a text about the Josephinum collection by Christiane Druml and Moritz Stipsicz and an essay by Axel Hinrich Murken “The art of healing in the work of Joseph Beuys”.
The Narrenturm pathological and anatomical collection is the largest and oldest of its kind. The five-storey Narrenturm rotunda, which now houses the museum, is a unique structure due to its architecture. It is located on the site of a former hospital and is the first building to be ever built exclusively for the mentally ill people.
In Narrenturm, in 1971 the collection of the pathological and anatomical institute was installed (this collection dates back to year 1796) and has grown into a museum with about 50,000 and objects. The book contains 592 color photos and introductory texts on the history of anatomy and health care during the Enlightenment, the history of the hospital itself and the pathological and anatomical collection. Book is richly illustrated, with depiction of skeletons and images of different diseases in the form of wounds, and dissection protocols and veterinary collection are summarized in chapters.
The anatomical theater marks a central place for European medicine in the modern era. Many bodies were autopsied for research purposes. This gave future surgeons, doctors, midwives and pharmacists a deep insight into the structure of the human body. These events were also available to a wider audience who gathered to get an idea of the form and function of the God-invented bodily machine that, after death, so suddenly and inevitably fell victim to impermanence.
Based on the now defunct Berlin Anatomical Theater, which was opened in 1713, this publication presents the various forms of shaping this medical form of teaching on the example of many anatomical theaters in the 18th century. The book explores their embeddedness in local medical infrastructures and thus their role in building the structures of the early modern healthcare system.
Moreover, the anatomical theater becomes a permanent point and a source of inspiration for the development of the collection of medical preparations: here the heart, brain, liver, kidneys and gallstones were obtained, preserved and conserved. It was not uncommon for these items to end up in private anatomical collections and museums – they became the pride of collectors, were used for teaching and as objects for scientific research.
This book categorizes the lectures held during the 2nd International Meeting on Medicine and Pathology organized by the Working Group History of Pathology of the European Society of Pathology in Padua, Italy in 2015. This content was influenced by the celebration of the 500th birth year of Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) and this occasion was used to highlight his role in anatomic research.
The first part of the book is therefore dedicated to the importance of Vesalius work, with original contributions on his life, his work and his historical context. The second part contains a variety of papers on the history and medicine and pathology, such as papers about historical aspects of cardiac disease (congenital disorders, heart transplantation, famous people affected by heart disease) and lectures about historical medical collections and other issues. The third part contains interesting medical biographies about persons who had an enormous impact on medical thinking e.g. Norman Barrett, Herman Boerhaave, Giovanni Battista Morgagni, John Morgan, Santiago Ramon y Cajal, and John Snow.